Threats to women's rights

Image: Fidan Nazim qizi
Whatsapp
Facebook
Twitter
Instagram
Telegram

By BETH SAHÃO*

We reached 2023 with an air of times that we thought were outdated, almost medieval

In 2000, the Brazilian government presented to the United Nations General Assembly the National Report on the implementation of the Platform of Action of the IV World Conference on Women, containing the advances and difficulties in the process of application of the “Beijing Declaration”.

The document mentioned each of the areas of concern – women and poverty; women's education and empowerment; violence against women; women and armed conflicts; women and the economy; women in the exercise of power and in decision-making spaces; the institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women; women's human rights; women and the media; women and the environment; it is the girl.

The Fourth World Conference on Women, held in 1995 in the capital of China, had approved the Beijing Declaration, by which the participating governments, including Brazil, committed themselves to complying, by the end of the XNUMXth century, with a series of guarantees about women's rights.

Almost three decades after the signing of this international protocol, very little progress has been made in Brazil regarding the rights of the female population. We have reached a new century with the same atrocious realities affecting women – whether in the conquest of rights in the social and labor fields, or by the perverse violence that advances against them on a daily basis.

We reached 2023 with an air of times that we thought were outdated, almost medieval. The numbers leave no doubt about the brutal escalation of violence, in all its forms, which exterminates, diminishes and objectifies women.

The most recent data, gathered by the Secretariat of Public Security of São Paulo, corroborate this disturbing finding: the first quarter of 2023 was marked by an increase in crimes against women in the state of São Paulo. A total of 62 cases of femicide and 3.551 of rape were recorded – a record for both crimes. According to the Sou da Paz Institute, the number of rapes is the highest since 1996.

The rates of bodily injury and threats against females also increased in the period. Threat crimes against women totaled 25.531 occurrences, an increase of more than 10 thousand cases compared to the same quarter of last year, when 14.945 occurrences were registered.

In turn, cases registered as slander, defamation or injury were six times higher, going from 2.843 cases in 2022 to 17.208 in the first quarter of this year, already under the management of Tarcísio de Freitas, who faces a series of challenges still to be faced. waiting for concrete plans. Starting with the law sanctioned by President Lula in early April, which determines the operation of specialized police stations for assisting women 24 hours a day, including weekends and holidays.

Currently, there are 140 women's police stations in the state, in addition to the online service, and 77 specialized service rooms with a videoconferencing delegate. However, of these 140 units, only 11 operate with extended hours – 7 in the capital and another four in Barueri, Santos, Sorocaba and Campinas; all the rest of the state is uncovered.

For the uninterrupted attendance of the service as foreseen in the law, the Secretariat of Public Security of São Paulo claims that it would be necessary to hire 2.800 new police officers, of which 700 were delegates, 700 clerks and 1.400 investigators. According to the management, public notices are foreseen for a competition with 2.750 vacancies for civil police officers, but only in the second half of this year.

It is urgent, therefore, that the government act quickly so that this already deficient and precarious picture does not get even worse, because those who are under violent threat cannot wait any longer.

Children and teenagers also in sight

The challenge, as can be seen, is immense. And violence is not restricted to the universe of women. Children and adolescents are also targets of a spectrum of violence that is no less disturbing, in its different forms, including massive co-option by social networks by pedophile gangs, exploitation and sexual harassment, among others.

According to Agência Patricia Galvão – linked to the institute of the same name that produces and disseminates news, data and multimedia content on the rights of Brazilian women – every day, 20 girls are victims of sexual violence in Brazil.

And, according to the historical series of the research “Visible and invisible: the victimization of women in Brazil”, carried out by DataFolha and the Brazilian Public Security Forum, the year 2022 registered the highest percentage of women victims of different forms of domestic violence in Brazil. The majority profile of women victims is composed of women between 16 and 24 years old, black, with children, living in inner cities and who were attacked at home by ex-husbands, partners or boyfriends.

At least 16 years of age, the legal minimum age to marry in the country, a cycle of violence begins, which not infrequently continues into adulthood. This is extremely alarming data, considering that, according to the United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef), in absolute numbers, Brazil is the fourth country in the world with records of child marriages.

The numbers of marriages of teenagers under 18 years of age were again highlighted after the news that the mayor of Araucária-PR, Hissam Hussein, 65 years old, married a 16-year-old girl. However, despite the repercussions, marriage is not illegal, as in Brazil it is allowed to marry from that age, if there is parental consent. According to data from the NGO Girls Not Brides, more than 2,2 million Brazilian teenagers are married, which represents 36% of minors in the country.

More than seven thousand minors were married in Brazil from 2021 until March of this year, according to data sent to Correio by the National Association of Natural Person Registrars (Arpen). In 2021, 3.334 child marriages were registered, another 3.176 occurred in 2022 and in the first three months of 2023, 718 marriages of minors were recorded.

Despite having a legal loophole in Brazil, marriage before the age of 18 is seen as a “violation” by the United Nations (UN), as it can jeopardize the achievement of gender equality and the full exercise of women's rights.

“Child marriage almost always precedes teenage pregnancy. In developing countries, girls who are married are the majority who give birth. These early pregnancies pose serious risks to girls whose bodies are not yet ready for motherhood. Worldwide, complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death for girls between the ages of 15 and 19.

For all these data, whether at a young age or in adult life, the fact is that women remain with their rights threatened, including in relation to their own physical integrity, thanks in good measure to the macho culture accentuated by the growing misogyny fueled by the discourse of extreme right, which seeks to diminish women in all aspects.

It is necessary to stop, through intensive means of all appropriate legal forces, this cycle of violence that resists and advances. It can no longer be admitted that in this new era of humanity we still allow the victory of hatred, and that the threat to women's lives is one of its worst and most hateful faces.

*Beth Sahão is a state deputy in São Paulo for the Workers' Party.

the earth is round exists thanks to our readers and supporters.
Help us keep this idea going.
CONTRIBUTE

See this link for all articles

10 MOST READ IN THE LAST 7 DAYS

______________
  • About artificial ignoranceEugenio Bucci 15/06/2024 By EUGÊNIO BUCCI: Today, ignorance is not an uninhabited house, devoid of ideas, but a building full of disjointed nonsense, a goo of heavy density that occupies every space
  • Franz Kafka, libertarian spiritFranz Kafka, libertarian spirit 13/06/2024 By MICHAEL LÖWY: Notes on the occasion of the centenary of the death of the Czech writer
  • The society of dead historyclassroom similar to the one in usp history 16/06/2024 By ANTONIO SIMPLICIO DE ALMEIDA NETO: The subject of history was inserted into a generic area called Applied Human and Social Sciences and, finally, disappeared into the curricular drain
  • Impasses and solutions for the political momentjose dirceu 12/06/2024 By JOSÉ DIRCEU: The development program must be the basis of a political commitment from the democratic front
  • Strengthen PROIFESclassroom 54mf 15/06/2024 By GIL VICENTE REIS DE FIGUEIREDO: The attempt to cancel PROIFES and, at the same time, turn a blind eye to the errors of ANDES management is a disservice to the construction of a new representation scenario
  • Introduction to “Capital” by Karl Marxred triangular culture 02/06/2024 By ELEUTÉRIO FS PRADO: Commentary on the book by Michael Heinrich
  • Hélio Pellegrino, 100 years oldHelio Pellegrino 14/06/2024 By FERNANDA CANAVÊZ & FERNANDA PACHECO-FERREIRA: In the vast elaboration of the psychoanalyst and writer, there is still an aspect little explored: the class struggle in psychoanalysis
  • The strike at federal Universities and Institutescorridor glazing 01/06/2024 By ROBERTO LEHER: The government disconnects from its effective social base by removing those who fought against Jair Bolsonaro from the political table
  • Volodymyr Zelensky's trapstar wars 15/06/2024 By HUGO DIONÍSIO: Whether Zelensky gets his glass full – the US entry into the war – or his glass half full – Europe’s entry into the war – either solution is devastating for our lives
  • PEC-65: independence or patrimonialism in the Central Bank?Campos Neto Trojan Horse 17/06/2024 By PEDRO PAULO ZAHLUTH BASTOS: What Roberto Campos Neto proposes is the constitutional amendment of free lunch for the future elite of the Central Bank

AUTHORS

TOPICS

NEW PUBLICATIONS