Elections in Colombia

Photo: Danilo Arenas
Whatsapp
Facebook
Twitter
Instagram
Telegram

By CARLOS EDUARDO BELLINI BORENSTEIN*

The progressive field is advancing in South America not only in electoral results. In Colombia there are real chances to win

The result of the legislative elections in Colombia brought new signs about the existence of a progressive wave in South America. The Historic Pact coalition, led by Gustavo Petro, who was chosen as the leftist candidate for the Colombian presidency, in the election that will take place on May 29, won an important victory. Petro's coalition elected 16 senators, winning the largest bench in the House alongside the Conservative Party. In the Chamber of Deputies, the Historic Pact obtained 25 seats, the same number of seats as the conservatives.

Last year, Gabriel Boric, from the left-wing Social Convergence party, was elected president of Chile, also indicating the strengthening of the progressive wave in the region, which started in 2019, when Alberto Fernández won the Presidency of Argentina.

After Fernández, Luis Arce of the Movement to Socialism (MAS) won the 2020 presidential election in Bolivia, and Pedro Castillo of Free Peru was elected president of Peru last year. Of the last six presidential elections held in the region (Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Chile), only in Uruguay – with Luis Lacalle Pou – and in Ecuador – through Guilherme Lasso – did the right end up prevailing.

It is worth remembering that, from 2017 to 2019, we had a reverse trend. In that period, four presidential elections were won by the right: Jair Bolsonaro (Brazil in 2018), Sebastián Piñera (Chile in 2017), Ivan Duque (Colombia in 2018) and Mario Abdo (Paraguay in 2018). And in Venezuela, the left won: Nicolás Maduro, of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), was re-elected.

In this progressive wave that started in 2019, which in the past was called the “pink wave” or “post-neoliberalism”, the electoral results in Chile and Peru call attention. The two countries, which were considered examples of liberal models in the economy, elected presidents who were adept at state protagonism. In the case of Chile, the change was even more profound, because before Boric's election, there were huge protests that resulted in the call for a plebiscite, and for a National Constituent Assembly, which is reformulating the Constitution inherited from the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.

As we can see, the progressive camp is advancing in South America not only in electoral results – four victories in the last six presidential elections – but also gaining ground in countries (Chile and Peru) that until recently had the free market guiding even their constitutions.

With the change in the correlation of forces initiated in 2019, five countries in the region are now under progressive control (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru and Venezuela). Another six nations (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay) are in the hands of liberal/conservative political forces. Although numerically right-wing governments are still in greater numbers in South America, all presidential elections won by this field in the region, with the exception of Uruguay (2019) and Ecuador (2021), took place until 2018.

In addition to the May election in Colombia, where the dispute should be polarized between Gustavo Petro and the right-wing candidate, Federico Gutierrez, of the Movimento Acredita, the central stage of the dispute in this South American power game will be the presidential election in Brazil, which today projects a clash between former President Lula (PT) and President Jair Bolsonaro (PL). In other words, as has been happening in other countries in South America, left and right will face a new clash in Colombia and Brazil.

Thus, the possible victories of Gustavo Petro and Lula would confirm the signs of the existence of this progressive wave in South America, as the left would expand its victories from four to six presidential elections in eight disputes since 2019. above all, high unemployment and the loss of purchasing power of significant portions of the region's population, this new "pink wave" could curb the more fiscalist economic conduct in favor of an agenda in which the State and income distribution would become an agenda common in many of these countries.

*Carlos Eduardo Bellini Borenstein holds a degree in political science at ULBRA-RS.

 

See this link for all articles

10 MOST READ IN THE LAST 7 DAYS

______________
  • About artificial ignoranceEugenio Bucci 15/06/2024 By EUGÊNIO BUCCI: Today, ignorance is not an uninhabited house, devoid of ideas, but a building full of disjointed nonsense, a goo of heavy density that occupies every space
  • Franz Kafka, libertarian spiritFranz Kafka, libertarian spirit 13/06/2024 By MICHAEL LÖWY: Notes on the occasion of the centenary of the death of the Czech writer
  • The society of dead historyclassroom similar to the one in usp history 16/06/2024 By ANTONIO SIMPLICIO DE ALMEIDA NETO: The subject of history was inserted into a generic area called Applied Human and Social Sciences and, finally, disappeared into the curricular drain
  • Impasses and solutions for the political momentjose dirceu 12/06/2024 By JOSÉ DIRCEU: The development program must be the basis of a political commitment from the democratic front
  • Strengthen PROIFESclassroom 54mf 15/06/2024 By GIL VICENTE REIS DE FIGUEIREDO: The attempt to cancel PROIFES and, at the same time, turn a blind eye to the errors of ANDES management is a disservice to the construction of a new representation scenario
  • Introduction to “Capital” by Karl Marxred triangular culture 02/06/2024 By ELEUTÉRIO FS PRADO: Commentary on the book by Michael Heinrich
  • Hélio Pellegrino, 100 years oldHelio Pellegrino 14/06/2024 By FERNANDA CANAVÊZ & FERNANDA PACHECO-FERREIRA: In the vast elaboration of the psychoanalyst and writer, there is still an aspect little explored: the class struggle in psychoanalysis
  • The strike at federal Universities and Institutescorridor glazing 01/06/2024 By ROBERTO LEHER: The government disconnects from its effective social base by removing those who fought against Jair Bolsonaro from the political table
  • Volodymyr Zelensky's trapstar wars 15/06/2024 By HUGO DIONÍSIO: Whether Zelensky gets his glass full – the US entry into the war – or his glass half full – Europe’s entry into the war – either solution is devastating for our lives
  • PEC-65: independence or patrimonialism in the Central Bank?Campos Neto Trojan Horse 17/06/2024 By PEDRO PAULO ZAHLUTH BASTOS: What Roberto Campos Neto proposes is the constitutional amendment of free lunch for the future elite of the Central Bank

AUTHORS

TOPICS

NEW PUBLICATIONS